Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder. It is a type of anxiety disorder in which the affected person experiences repeated obsessions and/or compulsions.
OCD significantly interfere with ability to function socially, occupationally or educationally.
A person with obsessive-compulsive disorder has unreasonable thoughts and fears (obsessions) that lead him or her to do repetitive behaviours (compulsions). Most of the young adult with OCD, complains that their mind keeps on thinking.
These thoughts do not belong to them & they don't want to bring them in their mind. Besides thought, ideas plans, images & many unnecessary things keeps on entering mind without permission. They loss significant amount of time daily in such unwanted thoughts & also they make mistakes in daily affairs as their mind remain busy. Their ability to function normally is affected because of the amount of time consumed by the symptoms, marked fear or other distress suffered by the person.
EXPERT HAVE RECOGNIZED FOUR TYPES OF OCD ?
1. Aggressive, sexual, religious or harm-related obsession with checking compulsions; Ideas, thought, images & plans keeps on entering in mind
2. Obsessions about symmetry, which leads to arranging or repeating compulsions
3. Obsessions of contamination that cause cleaning compulsions
4. Symptoms of hoarding
The term obsession can be described as a thought, impulse or image that either recurs or persists and causes severe anxiety. Many people with obsessive-compulsive disorder understand that their obsessions are unreasonable and therefore, try to ignore them or stop them. Doing so leads to more distress and anxiety. In the end, the person does the compulsive act in an effort to ease anxiety and stress.
WHAT CAUSES OCD ?
The exact cause of OCD is not understood. Some factors that probably have a role in OCD include family history, chemical imbalances in the brain and stress. According to experts, if you have a relative with OCD, it increases your risk of developing the disorder, however, many people with the OCD have no such family history. Some research suggests that specific chromosome/gene variation possibly increases the likelihood of developing OCD by almost two times.
Experts believe that imbalance of a neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain also increases the risk of OCD. Certain stressful events, such as that of being the victim of sexual abuse as a child or child abuse probably increase the risk of suffering from OCD as an adult.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF OCD ?
A person with OCD has signs and symptoms of both obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions and compulsions are often related to a specific topic or theme such as:
1.Fear of getting infected or becoming dirty & to get rid of this fear, persons cleans or take precautions excessively
2.Putting things in an orderly and symmetrical manner
FEW COMMON OBSESSION INCLUDE :
1. Fear of getting infected by shaking hands, touching or using objects that some other person has touched
2. Repeated doubts as to whether you've locked the door, switched off the heater or turned off the stove
Undue stress and anxiety when objects aren't kept in a orderly way
OCD is a life-long disorder that is not cured. Many patients with OCD may need treatment for a prolonged duration that may even be for the rest of their life. Although treatment may not cure OCD, it can help control symptoms so that they don't interfere with your daily functioning.
Treatment options for obsessive-compulsive disorder include psychotherapy and medications.
The commonly used medications for treatment of OCD are antidepressants.
OCD is a common anxiety disorder that is associated with many other, more serious medical conditions
OCD is treated with medications, cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychotherapy.